Uh Oh! You Have To Select Candidates From The Pool To Continue!

The 19th Central Committee

With 204 members, the Central Committee is the broad body of Communist Party elites that defines and mediates politics in China. It not only contains all Chinese politicians of consequence today but also the top leaders of tomorrow.

  • Yi
    Xiaoguang

  • Ding
    Laihang

  • Ding
    Xuedong

  • Ding
    Xuexiang

  • Yu
    Weiguo

  • Yu
    Zhongfu

  • Wan
    Lijun

  • Xi
    Jinping

  • Ma
    Biao

  • Ma
    Xingrui

  • Wang
    Ning

  • Wang
    Jun

  • Wang
    Yong

  • Wang
    Chen

  • Wang
    Yi

  • Wang
    Xiaohong

  • Wang
    Yupu

  • Wang
    Zhengwei

  • Wang
    Dongmin

  • Wang
    Dongfeng

  • Wang
    Ercheng

  • Wang
    Zhimin

  • Wang
    Zhigang

  • Wang
    Huning

  • Wang
    Guosheng

  • Wang
    Jianjun

  • Wang
    Jianwu

  • Wang
    Xiaodong

  • Wang
    Xiaohui

  • Wang
    Jiasheng

  • Wang
    Menghui

  • You
    Quan

  • Che
    Jun

  • Yi
    Li

  • Bayanqolu

  • Bater

  • Arken
    Imirbaki

  • Shi
    Taifeng

  • Bu
    Xiaolin

  • Lu
    Zhangong

  • Bai
    Chunli

  • Ji
    Bingxuan

  • Bi
    Jingquan

  • Qu
    Qingshan

  • Zhu
    Shengling

  • Liu
    Qi

  • Liu
    Lei

  • Liu
    He

  • Liu
    Shiyu

  • Liu
    Wanlong

  • Liu
    Qibao

  • Liu
    Guozhong

  • Liu
    Guozhi

  • Liu
    Jinguo

  • Liu
    Jieyi

  • Liu
    Zhenli

  • Liu
    Jiayi

  • Liu
    Cigui

  • Liu
    Yuejun

  • Qizhala

  • An
    Zhaoqing

  • Xu
    Qin

  • Xu
    Yousheng

  • Xu
    Dazhe

  • Xu
    Qiliang

  • Ruan
    Chengfa

  • Sun
    Zhigang

  • Sun
    Jinlong

  • Sun
    Shaocheng

  • Sun
    Chunlan

  • Du
    Jiahao

  • Li
    Yi

  • Li
    Xi

  • Li
    Bin

  • Li
    Qiang

  • Li
    Ganjie

  • Li
    Xiaopeng

  • Li
    Fengbiao

  • Li
    Yufu

  • Li
    Chuanguang

  • Li
    Jiheng

  • Li
    Keqiang

  • Li
    Zuocheng

  • Li
    Shangfu

  • Li
    Guoying

  • Li
    Qiaoming

  • Li
    Xiaohong

  • Li
    Hongzhong

  • Li
    Jinbin

  • Yang
    Xuejun

  • Yang
    Jiechi

  • Yang
    Zhenwu

  • Yang
    Xiaodu

  • Xiao
    Jie

  • Xiao
    Yaqing

  • Wu
    Shezhou

  • Wu
    Yingjie

  • Wu
    Zhenglong

  • Qiu
    Xueqiang

  • He
    Ping

  • He
    Lifeng

  • Ying
    Yong

  • Leng
    Rong

  • Wang
    Yang

  • Wang
    Yongqing

  • Shen
    Jinlong

  • Shen
    Xiaoming

  • Shen
    Yueyue

  • Shen
    Deyong

  • Huai
    Jinpeng

  • Song
    Dan

  • Song
    Tao

  • Song
    Xiuyan

  • Zhang
    Jun

  • Zhang
    Youxia

  • Zhang
    Shengmin

  • Zhang
    Qingwei

  • Zhang
    Qingli

  • Zhang
    Jinan

  • Zhang
    Guoqing

  • Zhang
    Chunxian

  • Zhang
    Xiaomin

  • Zhang
    Yijiong

  • Lu
    Hao

  • Chen
    Xi

  • Chen
    Wu

  • Chen
    Hao

  • Chen
    Wenqing

  • Chen
    Jining

  • Chen
    Quanguo

  • Chen
    Qiufa

  • Chen
    Baosheng

  • Chen
    Run'er

  • Chen
    Min'er

  • Nurlan
    Abdumanjin

  • Miao
    Wei

  • Miao
    Hua

  • Gou
    Zhongwen

  • Fan
    Xiaojun

  • Lin
    Duo

  • Shang
    Hong

  • Jin
    Zhuanglong

  • Zhou
    Qiang

  • Zhou
    Yaning

  • Zheng
    He

  • Zheng
    Weiping

  • Zheng
    Xiaosong

  • Meng
    Xiangfeng

  • Zhao
    Leji

  • Zhao
    Kezhi

  • Zhao
    Zongqi

  • Hao
    Peng

  • Hu
    Heping

  • Hu
    Zejun

  • Hu
    Chunhua

  • Xian
    Hui

  • Zhong
    Shan

  • Xin
    Chunying

  • Hou
    Jianguo

  • Lou
    Qinjian

  • Losan
    Jamcan

  • Luo
    Huining

  • Qin
    Shengxiang

  • Yuan
    Jiajun

  • Yuan
    Yubai

  • Yuan
    Shuhong

  • Nie
    Chenxi

  • Li
    Zhanshu

  • Qian
    Xiaoqiang

  • Tie
    Ning

  • Ni
    Yuefeng

  • Xu
    Lin

  • Xu
    Lejiang

  • Xu
    Anxiang

  • Gao
    Jin

  • Guo
    Shengkun

  • Guo
    Shuqing

  • Tang
    Renjian

  • Huang
    Ming

  • Huang
    Shouhong

  • Huang
    Kunming

  • Huang
    Shuxian

  • Cao
    Jianming

  • Gong
    Zheng

  • Sheng
    Bin

  • Shohrat
    Zakir

  • E
    Jinping

  • Lu
    Xinshe

  • Shen
    Yiqin

  • Peng
    Qinghua

  • Jiang
    Chaoliang

  • Han
    Zheng

  • Han
    Weiguo

  • Han
    Changfu

  • Fu
    Zhenghua

  • Xie
    Fuzhan

  • Lou
    Yangsheng

  • Cai
    Qi

  • Cai
    Mingzhao

  • Luo
    Shugang

  • Li
    Huohui

  • Pan
    Ligang

  • Mu
    Hong

  • Wei
    Fenghe

Alternate Members

With a roster of 172 members, these alternates essentially represent the “bench” players of the Communist Party. They are on the whole younger and lower-ranking than full members. Many of them will have promising political careers and are expected to hold significant positions over the next few years.

  • Ma
    Zhengwu

  • Ma
    Weiming

  • Ma
    Guoqiang

  • Wang
    Ning

  • Wang
    Yongkang

  • Wang
    Weizhong

  • Wang
    Xudong

  • Wang
    Xiubin

  • Wang
    Junzheng

  • Wang
    Chunning

  • Feng
    Jianhua

  • Qumu
    Shiha

  • Ren
    Xuefeng

  • Liu
    Ning

  • Liu
    Faqing

  • Liu
    Xiaokai

  • Yan
    Jinhai

  • Yan
    Zhichan

  • Li
    Qun

  • Li
    Jinghao

  • Yang
    Ning

  • Yang
    Wei

  • Xiao
    Yingzi

  • Wu
    Qiang

  • Wu
    Cunrong

  • Wu
    Jieming

  • Wu
    Shenghua

  • Zou
    Ming

  • Shen
    Chunyao

  • Song
    Guoquan

  • Zhang
    Guangjun

  • Zhang
    Yuzhuo

  • Zhang
    Zhifen

  • Zhang
    Zhenzhong

  • Zhang
    Jinghua

  • Chen
    Gang

  • Chen
    Yixin

  • Chen
    Haibo

  • Lin
    Shaochun

  • Hang
    Yihong

  • Ouyang
    Xiaoping

  • Norbu
    Dondrup

  • Luo
    Hongjiang

  • Luo
    Qingyu

  • Jin
    Donghan

  • Zhou
    Bo

  • Zhou
    Qi

  • Zhou
    Naixiang

  • Guan
    Qing

  • Zhao
    Yupei

  • Zhao
    Aiming

  • Zhao
    Deming

  • Hao
    Ping

  • Hu
    Wenrong

  • Hu
    Henghua

  • Duan
    Chunhua

  • Yu
    Guang

  • Jiang
    Zhigang

  • He
    Dongfeng

  • He
    Junke

  • Jia
    Yumei

  • Xu
    Zhongbo

  • Xu
    Hairong

  • Xu
    Xinrong

  • Gao
    Guangbin

  • Guo
    Dongming

  • Tang
    Yijun

  • Tang
    Dengjie

  • Huang
    Minqiang

  • Huang
    Guoxian

  • Huang
    Lixin

  • Huang
    Xiaowei

  • Cao
    Jianguo

  • Chang
    Dingqiu

  • Cui
    Yuzhong

  • Ma
    Zhenjun

  • Liang
    Tiangeng

  • Kou
    Wei

  • Peng
    Jinhui

  • Cheng
    Lianyuan

  • Fu
    Xingguo

  • Xie
    Chuntao

  • Lan
    Tianli

  • Cai
    Jianjiang

  • Pei
    Jinjia

  • Tan
    Zuojun

  • Dai
    Houliang

  • Yu
    Shaoliang

  • Ma
    Shunqing

  • Wang
    Hong

  • Wang
    Zhaoli

  • Wang
    Jingqing

  • Wang
    Xiaoyun

  • Wang
    Endong

  • Fang
    Xiang

  • Kong
    Changsheng

  • Deng
    Xiaogang

  • Erkin
    Tuniyaz

  • Shi
    Zhenglu

  • Shen
    Changyu

  • Feng
    Zhenglin


  • Jun

  • Li
    Jia

  • Li
    Yuchao

  • Li
    Xiaobo

  • Yang
    Guangyue

  • Wu
    Zhaohui

  • He
    Yaling

  • Zhang
    Gong

  • Zhang
    Jiangting

  • Zhang
    Fuhai

  • Chen
    Xu

  • Chen
    Siqing

  • Fan
    Ruiping

  • Yi
    Gang

  • Yi
    Huiman

  • Yi
    Lianhong

  • Zhao
    Huan

  • Zhao
    Yide

  • Zhong
    Denghua

  • Xin
    Changxing

  • Shi
    Xiaolin

  • Qian
    Zhimin

  • Guo
    Mingyi

  • Tang
    Huajun

  • Tang
    Liangzhi

  • Huang
    Zhixian

  • Ge
    Huijun

  • Jing
    Junhai

  • Cheng
    Lihua

  • Fu
    Ziying

  • Jiao
    Yanlong

  • Lei
    Fanpei

  • Zheng
    Haixiong

  • Cai
    Songtao

  • Yan
    Xiaodong

  • Pan
    Gongsheng

  • Ma
    Tingli

  • Wang
    Hai

  • Wang
    Xi

  • Wang
    Yinfang

  • Wang
    Yanli

  • Mao
    Wanchun

  • Ulagan

  • Yin
    Hong

  • Tian
    Guoli

  • Le
    Yucheng

  • Liu
    Shiquan

  • Sun
    Dawei

  • Yin
    Hejun

  • Chen
    Qing

  • Hu
    Changsheng

  • Cao
    Shumin

  • Miao
    Jianmin

  • Wei
    Gang

  • Wang
    Jiong

  • Wang
    Wentao

  • Mao
    Weiming

  • Deng
    Xiaogang

  • Ren
    Hongbin

  • Li
    Jing

  • Li
    Yinghong

  • Wu
    Xiaoguang

  • Song
    Yushui

  • Tuo
    Zhen

  • Pan
    Yue

  • Ding
    Yexian

  • Wang
    Lixia

  • Ning
    Jizhe

  • Yang
    Jincheng

  • Shu
    Qing

  • Yao
    Zengke

Learn More About The Committee

The Committee is a unique resource on Chinese politics. With the conclusion of the 19th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in October 2017, The Committee allows users to quickly and easily reference profiles of the 204 full members and the 172 alternate members of the 19th Central Committee. The user interface for this sample of 376 Chinese politicians is built around a business card motif, each of which contains key biographical information of a Central Committee member.

The Committee will be updated as members are promoted, change positions, or, in a prospective career-ending scenario that has become more common in the Xi Jinping era, are purged. It will also showcase MacroPolo analysis of Chinese elite politics, political norms, and the future of the CCP.

It is important to focus on the Central Committee because it is the broad body of CCP elites that defines and mediates politics in China. That is because every central and provincial leader of consequence, as well as key military personnel, are typically included in this important political body. The Central Committee also contains China’s future cohort of top leaders—those who will ascend to the Politburo or its Standing Committee at the 20th Party Congress in 2022.

The analysis of Chinese politics that appears on The Committee focuses on topics we believe matter most for markets, businesses, and the policy community. The aim is to offer relevant insight and commentary on political drivers and interest group dynamics that can determine important policy debates and economic decisions in China.

This is increasingly important because China’s current and future economic reforms are inherently political. That is to say, the nature of China’s economic reforms has changed—the “reform dividends,” which previously more or less lifted all boats, will no longer apply equally to all interest groups and economic constituencies. The reform choices China makes from now on will be fundamentally about redistributing wealth and benefits, choosing among winning and losing constituencies, and enfranchising marginalized populations who have been left on the periphery of prosperity. We expect interest-driven politics to intensify in the years to come.

Our analysis will include, for example, postmortems on the outcomes of the 19th Party Congress, examinations of bureaucratic politics and the Central Committee itself, personnel politics, the state of the anticorruption campaign, and other topics.

We hope you find The Committee useful and will continue to keep up with updates.

A note on the 19th Central Committee database:

As a main feature of The Committee, it is important that we aim to provide the latest personnel information. This means that the biographical cards may change over time, as we consider additional information about certain Central Committee members. Because this database is based largely on open source research, we will strive to quickly modify any information that might be inaccurate or out of date. Moreover, with the exception of Politburo members, other Central Committee members’ network/patron ties are all denoted with “N/A” because this information can be quite murky for the vast majority of members and isn’t particularly relevant at this point.

In addition, given the alphabet soup of Chinese government and military organizations and agencies, we thought it would be useful to provide a glossary of terms for reference.

Glossary of Abbreviations

CCP = Chinese Communist Party

NPC = National People’s Congress

CPPCC = Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference

CMC = Central Military Commission

PLA = People’s Liberation Army

PLAAF = People’s Liberation Army Air Force

PLAN = People’s Liberation Army Navy

PAP = People’s Armed Police

SAR = Special Administrative Region

SAPPRFT = State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television

NDRC = National Development and Reform Commission

SASAC: State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission

CCDI: Central Commission for Discipline Inspection

CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences

ACFTU: All-China Federation of Trade Unions

CCYL: Chinese Communist Youth League

AVIC: Aviation Industry Corporation of China

X

Welcome to The Committee

What is this?

This interactive product unpacks what was perhaps the most important political event of 2017: China’s leadership transition. At the 19th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), held from October 18 and lasting one week, the key task was to form a new Politburo Standing Committee (hereafter, The Committee), the country’s highest ruling body. The new members of The Committee were publicly unveiled for the first time at the conclusion of the Congress.

So who made it onto The Committee? Thousands of MacroPolo users participated in the predictive fun and so it’s time to see how they voted. The game has been closed and the resulting scenario can be viewed on the analysis page. There, you can also read our analysis of China’s governing norms, see various scenarios we had developed with predictive odds, gain an understanding of how we view “hard” and “soft” norms in China’s Leninist political system, and peruse basic biographies of several dozen senior leaders of China.

Why does The Committee matter?

China’s quinquennial “selectoral cycle” deserves as much attention as the US presidential election typically commands. That is because it will profoundly influence the world’s second-largest economy and China’s relationship with the world.

The new incarnation of The Committee will govern China for the next five years, a period that could see the Chinese economy reach near parity with the United States, Beijing adopt a more muscular foreign policy, and an increasingly uneasy US-China relationship. Domestic political dynamics will have tangible effects on economic policy; the question of reform will continue to hang over The Committee long after the Congress concludes.

Ultimately, elite politics in China will have ripple effects far beyond its borders. It is a key variable that will determine whether the world should expect to deal with a relatively stable or unstable China, as well as a pro-market or more statist China.

Briefly explain The Committee?

The Committee is sometimes compared to the Board of Directors of a large corporation and is the pinnacle of political power in the CCP. Its composition has vacillated between five and nine members in recent decades but currently has seven members. Every five years, there is significant turnover in this ruling body as new leaders ascend to power. A few months after The Committee membership is settled, a new government is formed.

Each member of The Committee is designated a specific portfolio, which can include overseeing the economy or managing the inner workings of the CCP bureaucracy. The top position on The Committee is the CCP General Secretary, who is usually considered first among equals, although the extent of his power has varied over time.

The members of The Committee are selected undemocratically—by an elite “selectorate” rather than a popular electorate. But while the process is opaque and sometimes likened to the selection of a Pope, the CCP has instituted a few norms since 1978 that guide the selection process and make the outcome modestly more predictable. The new candidates need to meet age and performance requirements and are typically already in the larger 25-member Politburo, which sits just one level below The Committee. They also tend to be high performers with executive experience who have governed several provinces, similar to the US system where governors tend to have good prospects for becoming future presidents.

During the 19th Party Congress, two current members—Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang—will remain but five will be replaced by a new cohort. For more details, take a look at the three different scenarios for The Committee’s potential composition, each of which we’ve analyzed in detail and assigned a probability. Although there is a small possibility that The Committee could shrink to just five members, we have not included such a scenario because we believe it to be highly unlikely.

 

View The Candidates

To read more about the candidates, click the green button below and browse the Candidate Pool. Click on the headshots for brief overviews of the candidates’ career data.

For more detailed analysis, including possible outcomes for The Committee’s composition, click on the link below.

 

View The Candidate Bios

See Analysis And Scenarios

Welcome to The Committee

View The Candidates

To read more about the candidates, click the green button below and browse the Candidate Pool. Click on the headshots for brief overviews of the candidates’ career data.

For more detailed analysis, including possible outcomes for The Committee’s composition, click on the link below.

 

View The Candidate Bios

See Analysis And Scenarios

What is this?

This interactive product unpacks what was perhaps the most important political event of 2017: China’s leadership transition. At the 19th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), held from October 18 and lasting one week, the key task was to form a new Politburo Standing Committee (hereafter, The Committee), the country’s highest ruling body. The new members of The Committee were publicly unveiled for the first time at the conclusion of the Congress.

So who made it onto The Committee? Thousands of MacroPolo users participated in the predictive fun and so it’s time to see how they voted. The game has been closed and the resulting scenario can be viewed on the analysis page. There, you can also read our analysis of China’s governing norms, see various scenarios we had developed with predictive odds, gain an understanding of how we view “hard” and “soft” norms in China’s Leninist political system, and peruse basic biographies of several dozen senior leaders of China.

Why does The Committee matter?

China’s quinquennial “selectoral cycle” deserves as much attention as the US presidential election typically commands. That is because it will profoundly influence the world’s second-largest economy and China’s relationship with the world.

The new incarnation of The Committee will govern China for the next five years, a period that could see the Chinese economy reach near parity with the United States, Beijing adopt a more muscular foreign policy, and an increasingly uneasy US-China relationship. Domestic political dynamics will have tangible effects on economic policy; the question of reform will continue to hang over The Committee long after the Congress concludes.

Ultimately, elite politics in China will have ripple effects far beyond its borders. It is a key variable that will determine whether the world should expect to deal with a relatively stable or unstable China, as well as a pro-market or more statist China.

Briefly explain The Committee?

The Committee is sometimes compared to the Board of Directors of a large corporation and is the pinnacle of political power in the CCP. Its composition has vacillated between five and nine members in recent decades but currently has seven members. Every five years, there is significant turnover in this ruling body as new leaders ascend to power. A few months after The Committee membership is settled, a new government is formed.

Each member of The Committee is designated a specific portfolio, which can include overseeing the economy or managing the inner workings of the CCP bureaucracy. The top position on The Committee is the CCP General Secretary, who is usually considered first among equals, although the extent of his power has varied over time.

The members of The Committee are selected undemocratically—by an elite “selectorate” rather than a popular electorate. But while the process is opaque and sometimes likened to the selection of a Pope, the CCP has instituted a few norms since 1978 that guide the selection process and make the outcome modestly more predictable. The new candidates need to meet age and performance requirements and are typically already in the larger 25-member Politburo, which sits just one level below The Committee. They also tend to be high performers with executive experience who have governed several provinces, similar to the US system where governors tend to have good prospects for becoming future presidents.

During the 19th Party Congress, two current members—Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang—will remain but five will be replaced by a new cohort. For more details, take a look at the three different scenarios for The Committee’s potential composition, each of which we’ve analyzed in detail and assigned a probability. Although there is a small possibility that The Committee could shrink to just five members, we have not included such a scenario because we believe it to be highly unlikely.